charge enonciative dans trois genres de texts expositifs” (“The Processes of. Enunciation in Three Types of Expository Text”) (Itziar Plazaola. Le texte expositif, quant à lui, est une production dans laquelle les locuteurs créent une structure thématique (Boscolo, ; Britton, ) et fait appel à des . Les titres et intertitres sont des dispositifs de signalisation fréquemment utilisés dans les textes expositifs. De nombreuses recherches réalisées en psychologie.
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We sketch below two possible lines of enquiry.
Journal of Educational Psychology 61 6: Other research implications of SARA: This research shows that a title influences attention to ambiguous words that are specifically related to the title. One potentially important dimension concerns the visual properties of headings; headings vary in their typographical and spatial properties. This result supports the information function of demarcation as distinguishable from other information functions of headings.
A textual act refers to actions concerning the text and its organization. Intrusion of a Thematic Idea in Retention of Prose.
Texte expositif by Laura Albella Cubedo on Prezi Next
A Gaze-Contingent Window Study. In the case of titles, the labeled text object is an entire text; in the case of headings, the labeled text object is a text part e. First, Lorch and Lorch found that readers process a sentence more slowly if its function is explicitly labeled than if the function is not labeled.
Effects of Headings on Text Processing Strategies. International Journal of Psychology 45 1: The reader-based component relates the text-based dimensions to reader variables to predict signaling effects on text processing 3. In fact, there is a relatively extensive empirical literature in psychology that generally supports the hypothesis that signals may help processing of expository text Lorch, Finally, by establishing a context, headings can influence the interpretation of text content by causing readers to use relevant background knowledge to guide comprehension.
Advance Organizers that Compensate for the Organization of Text. Contemporary Educational Psychology 21 3: Effects of Topic Headings on Text Processing: Discourse Processes 48 3: This propositional topic can take the form of a verbal noun, nominalization, infinitive clause or even a clause with a finite verb, and there is no direct repetition in the text, but rather topical development making use of different —though thematically related— expressions.
The function of the headings is to foreground specific content that texxte also available in the ex;ositif. Rather, SARA hypothesizes that the effects of a signaling device will be moderated both by the relevance of the signaled information to the reader and by the accessibility of the signaled information to cognitive processing.
However, as in our definition, the only mandatory function that a title must fulfil is the labeling function. A Review of the Research. Educational Gerontology 24 8: The general strategy followed in this research was to construct txte with competing themes and manipulate the title of the text to emphasize one of the two themes, then observe the effects on free recall.
Within this framework, headings and titles may be defined as text objects that are typographically and spatially distinguished from the rest of the text and whose ex;ositif function is to label another text object. The nature and extent of the effect on processing of manipulating headings in this way almost surely depends on exactly what information is lost when the headings are omitted.
Effects of Comprehension on Retention of Prose. How to Do Things with Words: Effects of Encoding Cues on Textr Learning. Journal of French Language Studies dxpositif 2: For example, an educator interested in text design might want to make recommendations about how to construct headings to facilitate learning expoeitif text. It is possible to combine the two functions, too.
The goal of TAM is to supply a tedte analysis and a logical model of text formatting properties. Journal of Educational Psychology 77 2: Let us contrast two situations. Titles and headings are commonly used signaling devices in expository texts.
Memory and Cognition 28 6: In contrast to text sentences that refer to the world, metasentences refer to the text itself. Titres et structuration des documents. Nous discutons les implications de ce cadre pour la recherche sur les titres et intertitres. These different relations between headings within a set are likely to have an impact on the ways in which individual headings affect cognitive processes, and are therefore worth studying.
The reader-based component relates the text-based dimensions to reader variables to predict signaling effects on text processing.
Effects of Headings on Text Summarization.