PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version P. 15 mar. O planejamento descentralizado de Jane Jacobs. começa em nível teórico na introdução de “Morte e Vida das Grandes Cidades”. Apesar de. In this indispensable book, urban visionary Jane Jacobs – renowned author of The Death and Life of Great Jacobs pinpoints five pillars of our culture that are in serious decay: community and family; higher Morte e vida de grandes cidades.

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We have to take for granted that her analyses are therefore sometimes slightly naive, subjective and romantic.

Very exceptionally, inshe accepted the Toronto Arts for Life Time Achievement on Jane Jacobs Day; from that moment on, she has refused all prizes and honorary doctorates.

Furthermore, critics wonder if Jacobs as a relative outsider even has a right to speak on themes that she has not graduated in. From the nineties she jacosb herself with penetrating the fundamental values in economy and society.


The variety in functions, buildings and people also plays an important role in maintaining social cohesion. In the end, the Japanese became so good at repairing the imported bicycles that they – also in order to distinguish themselves from their local rivals – started to develop, produce and export their own bicycles. The Nature of Economies can therefore be seen as a plea for the idea of “bio-mimicry,” the study and imitation of natural phenomena in the hope of gaining new insights in other application areas.

Tricky discussions about privatizing the national railroad system, the desirability of socially responsible enterprises and the question whether or not to introduce efficiency incentives at the police and in education indicate how delicate the relationship between public and private is. In this context she points out the recent developments like the increase of the number of divorces, the fight for students among educational institutions, the dependence of universities on externally financed research, the waning tax morale and the account scandals.

In the process, new skills and new knowledge is generated, new products begin to be imported, which in turn, become the raw materials for a new round of import-substitution. She also claims that scientific debates have a strongly ideological nature.

That the body of ideas of Jacobs cuts ice can be seen in the practice of everyday. Ultimately, trade and commercial activities always play at the level of a city and the region on which it has an influence. Generally, one assumes that the agricultural era preceded the period in which cities flourished.


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A well-known application of bio-mimicry is the Wright brothers, who developed the wings of their plane following the example of the wings of a grandse.

With her plea for small-scaled cities, diversity, short building blocks, and high population density she emphasizes in each case the structural working of the physical environment jacobe city life. The street is the scene a “sidewalk ballet,” according to Jacobs, which determines the security, social cohesion and economic development of cities.

Because of their subordinated position, they must import most manufactured products, and export raw materials. Furthermore, the unsystematic, inductive approach that Jacobs uses sometimes raises questions. The basic idea is that certain relatively backward cities in the past, Venice when it was still subordinated to Byzantium, or the network New York-Boston-Philadelphia when still a supply zone for the British empire, engage in what she calls, import-substitution dynamics.

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For example, some private virtues are public sins and vice versa. In this way, urban diversity ensures that there are people close by at every moment of the day. Furthermore, she is, on request and unasked, involved in matters that occupy Canadian politics, like regionalism in Quebec. This critical attitude makes Jacobs an “enfant terrible”: Ultimately, Jacobs claims, every form of economic development has a basis in the city.

However, she is not discouraged by that. Jacobs work is often dismissed as unscientific or even amateurish. In order to turn the tide, Jacobs makes an appeal that reminds one of the biblical principle “Explore many things, but keep the good thing.

The meshwork as a whole is decentralized, and it does not grow by planning, but by a kind of creative drift”. To her mind the possibilities for “syndrome friendly creativity” in modern terms: Finally, there is one book that stands separate from the others because of its focus on the Canadian province Quebec: But at the same time: Es interesante notar como el Prof.

In her book, Jacobs introduces an analysis that contradicts the prevailing opinions on urban development. It is therefore not surprising that her work has caused the usual reactions.

Random House, The Modern Library. In this “didactic dialogue” after Plato, who invented this form of writing that is also called “Platonic dialogue,” the persons conclude that our existing order of labor knows two moral systems: Those who are interested in the other publications of Jacobs can go to Jane Jacobs Archive of Boston College, which is connected to the University of Toronto. In The Death and Life Jacobs expands on the physical conditions which are the foundation of the street ballet.

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Especially her later books about fundamental values in which she uses Platonic dialogues would not meet the scientific standards of objectivity, ability to generalize and test empirically.

In order to diminish the economic differences between the provinces, the Canadian government put aside huge sums of tax money for support measures to Quebec.

In such a busy and diverse neighborhood the local supermarket, the kebab shop and the chain store can coexist without problems. If it were up to her, this would not be not the last book she writes. Only in combination norte they lead to the diversity that is needed for a blossoming city life.

Nevertheless, at the same time, that is maybe grandws her power lies: The plea of Jacobs to think from the concrete, local and small-scale can also be found in the contributions she made to the debate in the Canadian politics. In exact subjects, also, we see the application of the organic, evolutionary approach that Jacobs supports.

A part of this material is published in the biography Ideas that Matter: Therefore, the message of Jane Jacobs is as effective as it is simple: These corrections take place through complex processes like positive, itself strengthening feedback, negative check mechanisms and natural defensive reactions.

Only if in the jumble of facts, experiences and happenings a pattern is recognizable, she advances to generalizations. It almost seems that Jacobs says that living in the countryside is impossible. In order to indicate these loose neighborhood networks, Jacobs talks about “social capital,” a term which is very popular nowadays among city cidads.

On the contrary, Jacobs takes every opportunity to bring forward her dae on topical political questions, orally and in writing. In the meantime, Jacobs wrote vjda the magazine Architectural Forum, where she applied herself to urban development and planning. From this perspective, even janne out the garbage or having a talk with a passer-by is a deed of dramatic expression.