Jewish Practice Mitzvahs & Traditions Prayer Jewish Prayers Grace After Meals Birkat Hamazon: Grace After Bread (Bentching). Birkat Hamazon or Birkat Hammazon known in English as the Grace After Meals is a set of Hebrew blessings that Jewish Halakha (“collective body of Jewish. Birkat Hamazon can be said sitting at the same table or in view of the same table where the meal was eaten. At weddings or Shabbat meals, it is often said.

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The verse in question comes from Psalm A Guide to Jewish Religious Practice. The statutory birkat hamazon ends at the end of these four blessings, with the words, al yechasrenu Grace after meals. After these four blessings, there is a series of short prayers, each beginning with the word Harachaman the Merciful Onewhich ask for God’s compassion. A Zimmun of 10 is called a Zimmun B’Shem.

On Hanukkah and Purim al ha-Nissim is added to the middle of the second blessing. If ten or more adults are present the word eloheinu is added after n’varech.

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When one hundred are present, the leader says “Blessed is HaShem our God, of Whose hqmazon have eaten and of Whose goodness we have lived”, and uamazon group responds “Blessed is HaShem our God, of Whose we have eaten, and of Whose goodness we have lived. There are also SephardicYemenite and Italian versions. Prayer for the Government. On the Sabbath a special prayer, retzehis insetted before u’vneh. Views Read Edit View history.

Accordingly, women forming a zimmun and leading birkat hamazon has become increasingly common in Modern Orthodox circles.

If this is also forgotten, then at the first two meals of Shabbat and major holidays with the possible exception of the Rosh Hashanah day mealone must repeat the entire Birkat Hamazon. On the verse “And I will give peace in the land” Hqmazon. Hymn for Shabbat Day. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Alternative Grace after Meals B’rich rahamana malka d’alma mareih d’hahy pita. Wikisource has original text related to this article: Abraham hamazln, IsaacJacobMoses and Joshua will all claim unworthiness to lead the grace and the Cup of Blessing will pass to King Davidwho will accept the honour.


Blessing of the Moon. Retrieved 17 April Various explanations for this have been given O. This article needs additional citations for verification. The rabbis gave special consideration to seven species with which the Bible says the Land of Israel was blessed: Grace itself then follows.

Birkas Hamazon – ברכת המזון (Bentching) – Grace After Meals –

The shortened Grace may be used when brevity is desired. Prayer for the Israel Defense Forces.

List of Jewish prayers and blessings. When two varieties have been eaten, a combination of the above is recited. Birkat Hamazon or Birkat Hammazon Hebrew: On Jewish holidaysthe ya’aleh ve-Yavo paragraph is added and on Shabbat the retzei paragraph is recited, both just before the end hajazon the third blessing.

Birkat Hamazon

This helps establish the proper mood for the ritual. There are several known texts for birkat hamazon. The first and simplest is baruch atah adonai eloheinu melech haolam boreh n’fashot rabot v’chesronan al kol ma shebarata l’hachayot bahem nefesh kol chai, baruch chat haolamim. In liberal branches of Judaism, there is no standard text to be recited and customs vary accordingly.

Traditionally, the cover of the bencher is customized to reflect the event.

It has four benedictions, designated in the Talmud by specific names There is a practice in many Orthodox communities to wash the hands before reciting birkat hamazon. None of these variations is ever used in practice: Although sometimes done at ordinary meals, it is more commonly done on Shabbat and Jewish Holidaysand almost universally done at meals celebrating special events.


This psalm describes the reactions of the Jews in exile as would have been expressed during the Babylonian captivity See Mishna Berura quoting the Shelah. It represents a public thanksgiving for God’s goodness to all humanity. According to the one opinion in the Talmud Berakhot 49bthere are special versions of the zimmun if birkat hamazon is said by at least one hundred, one thousand or ten thousand seated at one meal.

Birkot hashachar Akeida Offerings. In other projects Wikisource.

Jewish Prayers: Grace After Meals

Some practice it as a binding halachahothers as an optional custom, and others do not practice it at all. On Sabbaths and festivals we recite psalm Download our mobile app for on-the-go access to the Jewish Virtual Library. At later meals, or on Rosh Chodesh or Chol Hamoednothing need be done.

Birchat Kohanim Priestly Blessing. This was later misread as an abbreviation for u’vshabatand blrkat was assumed that we are to say migdol on the Sabbath. Birkat Hamazon is made hamzon of four blessings.

In particular, the Italian version preserves the ancient practice of commencing the second paragraph with Nachamenu on Shabbat. On Sabbathsfestivalsand Rosh Hodeshthe word magdil is changed to migdol. This benediction is recited over foods which are preceded by the benedictions boreh pri haetz, boreh pri ha’adamah or shehakol O. Before the closing formula, there is an insertion for Sabbaths, Rosh Chodesh, or festivals.