Sasanian Persia, which succeeded the Parthians, was one of the great powers of late antiquity and the most significant power in the Near East, together with the. – Arsacids and Sasanians: Political Ideology in Post- Hellenistic and Late Antique Persia. M. Rahim Shayegan. Frontmatter. More information. The Parthian Empire also known as the Arsacid Empire was a major Iranian political and [it] may be regarded as a typical reflection of the mixed religious doctrines of the late Arsacid period, which the Zoroastrian orthodoxy of the Sasanians.

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One characteristic of the Parthians that the kings themselves maintained was their nomadic urge. Trajanic Wars and Frontiers. As culturally and religiously tolerant as the Parthians were, they adopted Greek as their official languagewhile Aramaic remained the lingua franca in the empire.

Parthia Parthian shot Roman—Iranian relations. Parthian architecture adopted elements of Achaemenid and Greek architecturebut remained distinct from the two.

Cambridge University Press Amazon. Sasajians and Sasanians; 1. Iranian Archaeological Museum, Tehran. For other uses, see Arsacid dynasty disambiguation. In contrast the fraction of scholarship that rejects Achaemenid reminis- cences as the source of early Sasanian expansionism presents the following arguments6: While attempting to put down the revolts, the main Parthian force swept into the region and killed Antiochus in battle.

Full text of “Arsacids and Sasanians, by Rahim Shayegan”

List of Parthian kings. Safavid dynasty — Sasahians dynasty — Afsharid dynasty — Talysh Khanate — Zand dynasty — Qajar dynasty — The hereditary titles of the hierarchic nobility recorded during the reign of the first Sassanid monarch Ardashir Arsaacids most likely reflect the titles already in use during the Parthian era.


This book undertakes arsaclds thorough investigation of the diverse range of written, numismatic, and archaeological sources in order to reassess Sasanian arsacds ideology and its sources and influences in the ideologies of the Achaemenid Persian Empire, Babylonian scholarship and prophecy, and Hellenistic Greek thought. This backfired when Meherdates was betrayed by the governor of Edessa and Izates bar Monobaz of Adiabene ; he was captured and sent to Gotarzes, where he was allowed to live after having his ears mutilated, an act that disqualified him from inheriting the throne.

When this siege failed, Tigranes the Younger once again fled, this time to the Roman commander Pompey. At both sites the Roman emperor Nero r. This conflicting finding raises questions about historiographical practices in Sasanian Iran and Rome. Early modern period Safavid dynasty.

Roman reception of, — Arsacid generalissimo in Babyloniaroyal titulatures of, 41—49, —, — 67—68, 78—79, 82, —, —, Sasanian reception of, 5—29Achaios, n. He maintained polygamous relations, and was usually succeeded by his wrsacids son. Again, Augustus used this as propaganda depicting the submission of Parthia to Rome, listing it as a great accomplishment in his Res Gestae Divi Augusti.

Skip to main content. Greek official[2] Parthian official[3] PersianAramaic lingua franca[2] [4] Akkadian [1]. The Romans captured the cities of Seleucia and Ctesiphon on multiple occasions during these conflicts, but were never able to hold on to them.

Aside from scattered cuneiform tablets, fragmentary ostracarock inscriptions, drachma coins, and the chance survival of some parchment documents, much of Parthian history is only known through external sources. Part of a series on the. Pishdadian dynasty Kayanian dynasty.


Remember me on this computer. Compared with the earlier Achaemenid Empire, the Parthian government was notably decentralized.

Parthian Empire

However, their stories, composed in verse form, were not written down until the subsequent Sassanian period. Each ethnic group, each city, and each land or kingdom was able to adhere to its own gods, their respective arsacuds and religious rituals.

On his coins, Arsaces I is depicted in apparel similar to Achaemenid satraps. Common motifs of the Parthian period include scenes of royal hunting expeditions and the investiture of Arsacid kings.

Arsacids and Sasanians: Political Ideology in Post-Hellenistic and Late Antique Persia

Usually made of silver, [] the Greek drachma coin, including the tetradrachmwas the standard currency used throughout the Parthian Empire. Sulla Roman general, —, n.

Cambridge University Press – Arsacids and Sasanians: He has published on ancient Iranian history and philology, and is co-editor, with Carol Bakhos, of The Talmud in its Iranian Context It is unclear who immediately succeeded Arsaces I. In that year, Orodes’ general, known only as Surena after his noble family’s clan name, recaptured Seleucia, wasanians Mithridates was executed.

Links to related articles. Parthian language Parthian art. Mari and other Amorite city-states. The heightened aggression can be explained in part by Rome’s military reforms.

Parthian gold jewelry items found at a burial site in Nineveh near modern MosulIraq in the British Museum. They both had a threefold division for their provincial hierarchies: